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Generic Strategy Planning Of Tesco Marketing Essay

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: Marketing
Wordcount: 3375 words Published: 1st Jan 2015

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This assignment is analyzing Tescos growth and service by PESTEL, SWOT and Porters Five Force analysis. According to the analysis, I try to describe and evaluate changing business environment last five years and Tesco, the third largest food retail company in the world after Wal-Mart and, Carrefour. This supermarket giant has plans to roll out more than 4331 stores all over the world and anticipates future expansion throughout the world. United Kingdom where it dominates the Grocery business with a 31% market share. As a global player that operates in

12 countries, Tesco’s arrival in the United States can significantly influence the direction of the U.S. grocery business in such areas as labor, environment, health and the food system.


This report is aimed to analyze the business environment of the company. Tesco is one of the largest food and grocery retailers in the world operating around 4331 stores. Tesco was found on 1919 and launched its first store in Edware, London, UK in 1929. They are operating 450 super stores, 170 metro stores and 960 express stores and selling approximately 7000 products including fresh food, non fresh food (books and DVDs). They are also giving online retailer services and they gained 54 billion in 2009 and employing over 470,000 people so this assignment is analyzing micro and macro business environment of Tesco through PESTLE, Porters five forces and SWOT analysis.

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Patrimonial strategy are characterized by the separate answer retailer on industrial structure. For competitive advantages they follow type of the sum of planning of strategy which is developed by the Door-keeper. This planning – the help the organization to improve their growth and work with clients. The first strategic planning – cheap manufacture and sales, thus, Tesco – struggle to give the low price for products but which is more useful to compete, another retailer in the market and this strategy will be based on ability of Tesco to operate their working costs so well that they in a condition to estimate the products and be able make the high size of profit thus having essential competitive advantage. They offer things for some special case, thus, they can involve more clients. If at Tesco there is other strategy of differentiation, than it should try to offer services and products with prominent features that, clients estimate. Tesco will create adherence to mark for their offers, and thus, a price inelasticity from buyers. Widths of offers of a product, technology, prominent features, or servicing – popular approaches to differentiation.

Final strategy of the center can be either leadership of cost or the strategy of the differentiation aimed to the narrow, concentrated market. In work on strategy of leadership of cost Tesco owe the centers for creation of internal efficiency duties which will help them to resist to external pressure. Tesco should think that at Tesco there should be frequent interactions with governmental/regulating sectors and sectors of the supplier of environment. According to this work while and everywhere leadership of cost and differentiation strategy, intend in an active market, Tesco can also want to limit their product to certain areas of the market or can want to offer a smaller line of products on an active market, thus pursuing center or niche strategy (the Porters, 1980). In other words Tesco follow strategy of leadership of cost or differentiation either in the certain market or with certain products. Danger which – some organizational person that they try to make all three and to become that is known as the middle. In case of Tesco it not, allocate, as they really have a clear business strategy with clearly certain segment of the market.


Micro and macro-business Tesco environment analyzes an analytical method as the PESTLE, the SWOT and so on so when we analyze business Tesco environment, we should consider relations between clients and Tesco


Macro environment of the Tesco analysis by pestle analytic method which is consist political, economical, social, environmental, technological and legal.


The political

• Introduction of China to the WTO has removed a free stream of foreign trade in the status, removing all barriers encouraging the Western companies, including Tesco, to transform a way in the most favorable market in the world, covering more than 1.3 billion people (Times of Passes, 2010). Thus, the international business which Tesco will increase, and it is prophesied to make one quarter of profit of the company.

• Support of free trading blocs with the governments to get profit on globalization which it have shown in the literature (Lynch, 2003). Immersing of 10 countries in the European Union (EU) occurs in 2004, advancing trade between the Western and East European countries (BBC, 2009). It has made appointment Tesco with a platform to expand its retail network through EU.

The economic factor

Economical factor, the main reason for Tesco now days and they should concern about it because the factor directly affect financial clients and economy Tesco. In 2008 British economy has been declared by that reduction of interest rates of products which cause unemployment of increase (the Euromonitor 2010) as purchasing capacity of result of the client has been reduced because of their financial position, and clients don’t resemble to spend money for a bonus product, covering the organic and ready in advance paid meal which can mention awfully both sales and value

Positive aspect of recession – that the client goes somewhere to eat less and eats very much in the house, thus, the client likes to buy products of groceries except not points of groceries which can help Tesco as retailer for improvement and acquisition. People spend money for groceries shop, has been increased last year.

Result the analysis if the population declares that there are many growing old people than children, thus, growing old people don’t like to go to groceries for purchase, but they go with the younger’s. Many people order things through online and phone, but they think that small delivery can cost parties. Thus, they try to things much more than direct purchase.

Financial the family status / clients, to it is pleasant to buy things with lower prizes, but it should be more healthy product, and clients buy through the credit / debit cards. This system has been entered Tesco first into Great Britain.

The social

• The Analysis of the British population shows that it is more people on pensions than children’s generation of representation of the Population explosion. The growing old population is discouraging for retailer groceries of older persons, be inclined to eat less. They, less probably, will go to supermarkets to shop in comparison with young generation. Though literacy Internet level goes down on age of 65 years within the population (the Turban, etc., 2001), however has been foretold that the growing old population will consider shop online visiting more convenient. However, small deliveries as believe, are inefficient also roads.

• The Relation of consumers to meal constantly changes, when they became health a significant amount – conscious. The increase which is in great demand in natural products, was adapted Tesco to reflect this change of the requirement. Payment by checks and cash on control at first has been made possible Tesco.

Technology factor

One of major factors of the macro-business environment – technology factor which is influence more than others because the information technology develops day after day, and to people also is pleasant to use technology. Clients like to buy things through online. 70 % of the British population use the Internet for purchase (office for national statistical size 2010) Tesco entered the program of loyalty for the client, thus, this program – more advantages, and they receive more than profit. They can easily competitive with another retailer. Tesco has been entered that things distribution through mobile which is more useful to people. The mobile wide program has been entered Tesco. 15.5 million persons use Tesco a mobile wide range of frequencies which explains 70 % of the full market.


Environmentally friendly, reduced packaging is being promoted by the Government.  It has been found by the Office for National Statistics (2010) that the percentage of consumers using reusable bags has raised from 71% to 74% and that those trying to cut down the number of plastic bags they take from the shops have raised from 65% to 68%.  This assists in reducing the overall cost and is good for Tesco’s corporate social responsibility image.

Due to the consumer awareness of the carbon footprint of the firm (Wood, 2009), Tesco has added carbon footprint data on dairy products, potatoes and orange juice, and aims at expanding it to bread and non-food items in 2010 (Tesco, 2010).

Tesco has introduced its Greener Living Scheme to give consumers advice on environmental issues, including how to reduce food waste and their carbon footprint when preparing meals (Yuthas, 2009).

Consumers reusing bags, recycling mobile phones and aluminium cans and preferring bagless deliveries are being rewarded through Tesco’s green Clubcard points (Tesco, 2009; Datamonitor, 2010).


It has been predicted that VAT would have to rise to 20% since the Government has to finance a huge budget deficit (HM Treasury, 2010). This will affect the non-food sectors of Tesco, such as clothing.

Drawing upon the Low Pay Commission Report (National Minimum Wage, 2009), the 2008 and 2009 combined up-ratings have resulted in an increase in the minimum wage of 15.5%.  This will result in an increase of operating costs of supermarkets.


Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis of Tesco have been provided below.


Tesco – the third on size retailer groceries in a word and action by 4331 shop within the USA, Europe and Asia. 30 % of the retail market of groceries with Tesco. Tesco showed their strong financial indicators for these years which underline its strategic abilities. According to the financial report, goods turnover Tesco was 54 million in 2009 which is increased, on 14.9 % are compared with 2008. They achieve the object because of their fine strategy. The company aims that product and service adjustment according to a market demand. Efficiency as a result of the company for last decade can be received as a result by means of growth in following basic indicators

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Tesco aspire to concentrate on a product that means that the product should be quality the same financially operated time. Thus, the client receives a product, without making a compromise on quality. Not the food company of retail Tesco direct sales have increased by more than 50 % in 2009 At Tesco there is a proved consumer strategy of detention by means of its scheme of the loyalty named ‘ Tesco Clubcard ‘. Catching up DunnHumby (2008), the company uses the data collected at this scheme of loyalty in its strong systems CRM under the name Severe test and the Zodiac, and this information then is used for effective direct marketing and various other promoting methods.


Tesco was able not act well for last year in comparison with its competitors. According to Mintel (2010), many products have been remembered Tesco in 2009 which has led to pecuniary losses just as to damage of its image of a brand. Lines of value of this included company which has been sold as high-quality cheaper alternatives to key brands. Key operations of the company are concentrated within the British retail sector where it has made record more than 75 % of the income within 2009 (Tesco, 2010). This shortage of a geographical variety can be noticed as key weakness to firm as it is subjected system risks of the British market.


The commercial portfolio of network Tesco rises. They have opened more than 620 shops in 2009 from which 435 were international (Mintel, 2010). This geographical variety will help the company with improvisation of its economy at the expense of manufacture growth, minimizing its system exposure of risk. Popularity Tesco.com grows quickly, making more than 1 million clients in 2010 (the Trustee, 2010), which has given company possibility to involve new clients and to reduce an overall cost leading to quantity of profit. The company center is on global expansion as it is obvious its input on the Indian market. This input will strengthen the position of the world market. The limited preferential agreement has been signed Tesco with Trent, retailer groups Tata which is one of the largest industrial corporations of India (Daily Mail, 2010). It has been foretold that there will be an increase from £125 billion in 2009 to £145 to billions in 2014 in a food segment of the retail market (the Euromonitor, 2010). It, mainly because even at the time of recession, food retail – the most rigid segment since presence is enough to eat, a priority.


The beginning of global financial crisis has led to reduction of economy of Great Britain on 2.4 % in 2009, which as it is estimated, reduced further to 4.2 % by the International currency fund (the International currency fund) (Poulter, 2009). Concentration of Tesko in the British market can render an adverse effect on the financial positions therefore. Decrease in the income and unemployment increase have mentioned controllable behavior of purchase of consumers which adversely influenced company sales, in particular nonfood points. In the British market of groceries there was a cruel competition. Tesco though resulted this sector within 15 years (Mintel, 2010), but now faces intensive competition from its competitors who benefit in a dale in the market. They include other part ‘ the Big four ‘ that is, Asda, Seinzberi and Morrizons accordingly.


An analysis of the structure of the industry should be undertaken in order to find effective sources of competitive advantage (Porter, 1985). Therefore, in order to analyze the competitive environment of Tesco, Porter’s five forces analysis has been used by the researcher as follows:

Threat of products of replacement and services

The threat to the market retailer groceries – low products and environment to high not products Main retailer groceries receive threat from small networks of minimarkets from licenses and organic shops, because they give a high quality product in much lower prizes it, why Tesco has opened small shops as express train Tesco in local cities and creation of city center an obstacle for these replacements to enter the market. However, threat of replacements for nonfood points, for example clothes, is high enough. It is necessary to notice that while economic recession prevails, clients will be inclined to reduced prices hence, Tesco – threat to specialty shops.

Threat an input of new competitors

Threat of an input of new competitors in the food industry of retail is low. It demands huge capital investments to be competitive and to establish the logo. The main brands which have already grasped the food retail market, is Tesco, Asda, Sainsbury and Morrison, and they make 80 % of all visiting of shop in Great Britain (Mintel, 2010). Therefore, new participants should make something at exclusively low price and-or high quality to establish their market cost. Reception of planning of the permission from local authority occupies a significant amount of time and resources to establish new supermarkets, and it – therefore a considerable barrier to new participants.

Intensity a competitive competition

Intensity of a competitive competition in meal and the industry of retail of groceries are extremely high. Tesco faces an intensive competition from the direct competitors, including Asda, Sainsbury, Morrison and Waitrose which compete with each other at the price, products and encouragements periodically. It should be put therefore in the forefront that Asda – one of key competitors in this segment with share increase in the market from 16.6 % to 16.8 % within 2010 / 09 while Sainsbury has shown increase in 16.1 % from 15.8 % and Morrison to 11.6 % from 11.3 % till the same period (the Euromonitor, 2010). Slow growth of the market in essence means that these increasing shares in the market from competitors have strengthened a competition of the market which threatens position of leadership of market Tesco. In rural areas where the closest hypermarket can be far in some distance, some basic consumers are involved retailer as Somerfield and Co-op. Firm discounters as Aldi and Lidl have accepted the market at the time of recession. During 2008 they have made record of growth of sales more than 25 % (the Leitmotif, 2010).

Bargaining the power of buyers

The market power of buyers is high enough. In cases where products have small differentiation and are more standardized, switching cost is very low, and buyers can easily be switched from one brand to another. It was offered, that clients have been involved in the low prices, and with availability of retail visiting of shop online, the prices of products are easily compared and thus are selected.

The market power of suppliers

it is low enough. It is necessary to notice that suppliers are inclined to the main meal and retailer groceries and are afraid to lose the business contracts with large supermarkets. Hence, position retailer as Tesco, Asda, and Sainsbury is strengthened further, and negotiations are positive to receive the lowest price from suppliers.


In the light of the aforementioned analysis it is possible to come to conclusion that Tesco continues to take of the position of leadership within very rough retail segment where the companies are obliged to pursue and leadership of cost and differentiation strategy. Tesco was able reach and by means of poor and quick management of chains of deliveries, along with strategic use of information technology. The cores of competence Tesco as it was noticed, were the ally of the business environment, therefore putting in the forefront positive future prospect for the company.

Diversification. Distribution of number and types of the actions undertaken by business. It can help to extend risk because if one area of business struggles, other areas can still be favorable. It means business as a whole, not risk.

Specialization.-Reduction of quantity and types of the actions undertaken by business, usually because some do loss or because expenses of special activity are too high.

Tesco ever expands the business to support at high level competition to very high level so therefore, vital that Tesco has invested the capital in new services and products so that requirements of the client were observed. Client Tesco – one of the most obligatory interested persons Tesco. Clients – interested persons because they have an interest to business and also because actions of clients can directly mention business. As it is mentioned earlier, at Tesco there is two choice of recommendations, or versatile development of their trade or to specialize on their current business; we have established that versatile development of business primary activity doesn’t have any risk from the point of view of the whole business, however, we have, also learn that business specialization should from loss have arrived in trade so therefore, firms should reduce the types of activity.


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